WEALTH FROM WASTE
“I love the idea that biofuels have the potential to support farmers, especially the family farms” – Daryl Hannah
Tremendous increase of realm demand for energy, depletion of crude oil reserve and increasing fossil fuel usuage has led into a scenario in want of different supply of renewable energy sources. In today’s world there is an increasing demand for biofuels as an energy resource due to industrial development. Because of varied issues relating to the worldwide energy demand, biofuels have drawn a lot of attention worldwide.
Bioethanol/Biobutanol are alternative sources of biofuel that is integrated with fossil fuel in defined proportion and used as substitute to fuel like diesel and gasoline. Most of 20% bioethanol may be integrated with fuel to be used as different fuel supply in same petrol engine. The chief source of fossil fuel energy are petrol and diesel. Biofuel when mixed with fossil fuels is said to act as an oxygenate to burn hydrocarbons entirely decreasing emissions, particulates and noxious gases. Due to persistent exhaustion of fossil fuels, mandate of worldwide bioethanol is increasing relentlessly. Conferring to a report, Forbes, India is said to produce approximately 125 to 183 million tons of biomass remains which possibly will be adequate to meet up to 59 % of India’s gasoline demand up to 2020. Biofuels are said to be renewable sources of energy that is usually produced by the fermentation of reducing sugars.
The speedy upsurge in the capacity of biomass remains is one aspects of the environmental catastrophe, complementary to worldwide development. Most common practices of waste handling are uncontrolled clearance which causes mainly water and soil pollution. Paper and pulp industries produces about 300-350 million tons of various types of paper and board worldwide. Smaller part of waste paper materials is reprocessed, while the most of the used materials is thrown out or burned. Plant based biomasses are regarded as abundant, renewable and inexpensive sources of raw materials that accumulate in the world massively.
Formerly efforts for biofuel production used crops like sugarcane, sorghum and maize which has been categorized as First Generation Biofuel. However, various developing countries fronting food security alarms cannot avert food crops for biofuel production. Even the wastes derived from our home like the fruit peels, vegetable peels and other sugar based waste biomasses are used to produce biofuel.
The Future Fuel:
Biofuels produced from these wastes are proven to be real gold, as it has been considered as wealth from waste approach. These tones of wastes derived from agricultural, residential, industrial sources etc., are used in production of biofuel. This alternative biofuel is said to rule the fossil fuel in near future. Hence these fuels derived from wastes are said to be more promising than fossil fuels.
- waste-to-fuel-650×350: https://india.smartcitiescouncil.com/article/converting-solid-waste-bio-fuel-its-all-happening-nagaland