THE IMPORTANCE OF TREES
Trees play a key role in the maintenance of earthly life. Man and all other living organisms on earth remain indebted to trees during the daytime for the oxygen they give. The availability of oxygen enables our very life on the earth.
Trees cause floods to stop rainfall, and prevent soil erosion. If it were not for the trees it would easily wash away the fertile soil on the surface. Trees provide the man with food, and the animals with fodder. The trees give various edible fruits. Man eats corns and various plants and leaves too. Herbivorous animals live on leaves and on plants. Man makes trees providing houses and furniture out of timbre. Wooden furniture is very expensive these days. All the construction works require different amounts of wood. Trees provide natural habitat for birds and animals. Preservation of forests is very important in this respect also. Our forests abound in medicinal products and herbs. Some other trees, such as sandalwood, deodar etc., are of great plants, several medicines are prepared from them. That our Sathyamangalam forest is also renowned for its sandalwood. The trees provide a cool shade under which to sit and rest. It brings cool and moist atmosphere.
There are no poets that have not commended the greenery they create. Trees contribute to the natural beauty in a country which promotes tourism. Different trees in varying size, shape, fruit and leaves attract the travelers. In ancient days, when travelling on highways from one town to another, there will be trees on both sides of the road covering the whole route, travelers will feel very happy and comfortable when travelling on the roads. The current scenario is due to the extension of highways, the trees along the road are removed so that we are missing the pleasant travelling experience as we felt in our old days. Global warming is increasing drastically due to removal of trees.
Plants also perform the opposite process, called respiration, in which carbon dioxide is generally released, but typically in smaller quantities than photosynthesis takes. Excess carbon is saved, which helps the plant grow.
The carbon contained in the air as carbon dioxide is released when trees are cut and burned down, or left to rot. Even this contributes to global warming. Deforestation accounts for around 10 per cent of global warming emissions, according to the current available estimate.
If we want to reduce pollution to the extent required to protect the world from the worst effects of global warming, tropical forests should be protected from deforestation and degradation. Naturally, global warming alone cannot be resolved by the end of deforestation – action urgently required to reduce the remaining 90 per cent emissions. But if we ignore the position of tropical deforestation, then it is not possible to solve the problem.
And the deforestation reduction has other advantages beyond global warming and beyond. Many special species of animals and plants are present in tropical forests. If we don’t protect animals like jaguars, their habitats face extinction. In addition, tropical forests in developing countries are important sources of food, medicine and safe potable water for people. Tropical forests help to monitor regional rainfall and to avoid floods and droughts. Reduced deforestation can also make important contributions to biodiversity conservation and sustainable development, and it is useful to tackle global warming. One of the chief sources of fuel is firewood. In a sense, petroleum products also derive from the wood buried and processed beneath the earth. Also, trees are the chief raw material in the production of paper. Such trees play an important role in the earthly life of man.
Trees contribute to a healthy environment which is rich. Animals, insects, birds, and fungi make a diverse ecosystem in the trees, making it their home. In essence, this healthy atmosphere leads to the human enhancement. Trees grow their own food, and find themselves at the bottom of the food chain. They produce their own food through a process called photosynthesis, and make a significant contribution to the entire ecosystem. Furthermore, trees are a rich source of medicinal products used to cure our diseases naturally as Ayurveda does.
Balance in Water
Trees collect the water from the rain and keep it in the field. This prevents the flow of clean water into drains and gets wasted. They also work alongside it as watersheds and retain the flood waters for a while, before eventually releasing them into the earth and atmosphere. Thus, they maintain an area’s water base and provide a water bed for us. It makes the root system of the trees so strong that it protects the soil underneath from being washed away during rain and floods, thereby avoiding landslides and soil erosion.
Arbours provide us with clean air, water, and food. For us, its greenery and freshness also serve as a stress reliever. It gives positive atmospheric vibration. Also, the trees provide cool sheds during summers and rains. When surrounded by green trees, children also develop a good memory. When they come into contact with greenery, patients recover easily. There’s a lot more stuff tree provides us with for a better life.
Environment and Economics
Trees produce fruit, medicinal products that are exported to many countries and thus contribute to economic growth. It helps people earn their living by cultivating trees and selling their products. Trees provide paper and wood. It also acts as a natural cooler in summer, thus reducing the Ac bills and maintaining the natural environment.