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Advancements in technology have enabled humans perform any task in just one click and have simplified ways of doing tasks. We are all becoming increasingly tech-dependent nowadays. Technology-driven electronic gadgets, be it laptops, computers or mobiles, all help to get the job done faster and better. Whether we are at office, school or at home, these gadgets make our life efficient and easier. But have you ever wondered how these electronic devices execute the commands given by the user? It’s due to the microprocessor built in them. Let’s learn about this key component, its usage across various industries and the career opportunities in this field.
Microprocessor & its design
A microprocessor is the central unit of a computer system which is responsible for processing unique sets of logical and computational instructions. It performs arithmetic and logical operations that include addition, subtraction, inter process and device communication and input/output management. It accepts binary data as input, processes it and then produce the output based on the instructions given to it. A microprocessor incorporates the function of Central Processing Unit on a single Integrated Circuit (IC), also referred as semiconductor chip or microchip. If we talk about its design, then it comprises of an integrated circuit that consist of millions of small components such as transistors, diodes, resistors and capacitors, which work together.
Devices which contain microprocessors
From smart home devices to the machineries used to control aircrafts and railroads, microprocessors are now used in almost every device. Apart from desktops, laptops and mobiles, the devices that contain microprocessors are washing machines, dishwashers, microwaves, gaming console, self-driving cars, central heating systems, refrigerators, HD televisions, external security lights and burglar alarm system.
Industrial applications of microprocessors
In addition to the general-purpose applications, microprocessors are also used in various special purpose applications which include cars, planes, elevators, gasoline pumps, heavy machinery, high-tech medical devices, traffic control devices, navigation systems, and security surveillance systems.
Microprocessor market size
Given the growing use of microprocessors in the field of consumer electronics such as desktops, laptops, mobile phones, the market size of microprocessors will witness an upsurge in demand at the global level. The global market size of microprocessors was estimated at 83.3 billion USD in 2019 and is expected to rise at a CAGR of 4.1 per cent from 2020 to 2027.
Future demand of microprocessor design engineer
In the coming time the demand of electronic devices with various advanced technologies will grow, which in turn will create huge opportunities for the candidates as a Microprocessor Design Engineer. Microprocessors or integrated chips (ICs) are used in almost every electronic device to enhance the overall performance of that device. Looking at the great future prospects in this field, Electronics Sector Skills Council of India (ESSCI) formed under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and National Skill Development Corporation, is planning to skill youth in this emerging job role with the help of private institutes and its training partners present across India.
Role of microprocessor design engineer
The role of Microprocessor Design Engineers is to design a key component of computer hardware, i.e., the next generation silicon semiconductors. This job is one of the most challenging and interesting jobs in the industry. It takes several years for many microprocessor engineers to complete a design. They have to work round the clock to complete their projects in a given time period. The design engineer has to use its computer and electrical expertise to design integrated circuits for various applications.
In order to get your foot in the door of this industry, the candidate must be a graduate from the reputed engineering college and have advanced degrees in electrical and computer engineering. You can lay the foundation of your career in chip design by working as an intern in any of the big-name chip maker company. Having hands-on experience of making chip designs will improve your skill sets, which will definitely add a value to your portfolio.
The Government is seeking solutions to make the country a hub for electronics manufacturing. The Government wants to build a homegrown semiconductor design ecosystem to support
the local mass of talent in the best possible way.
“If the country soon develops the ability to indigenously design the silicon chips, it will surely create immense job opportunities for youth in this field”
Source: Electronic Sector Skill Council
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