In our Sathyamangalam, Erode District, it is proud to say that our Tiger Reserve Forest is at fourth place in India. If you are a nature lover, there is a lot of opportunities to witness the amazing landscape and species diversity of STR.
Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary and Tiger Reserve is a protected zone and tiger reserve along the Western Ghats of Erode District in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Not only it is recognised as the biggest protected area in Tamil Nadu, but also it is praised as the most expansive wildlife sanctuary in south India.
It was first announced as a wildlife sanctuary in 2008 and expanded in 2011, it comprises a forest area of 1,411.6 km2 (545.0 sq mi) and is the most comprehensive wildlife sanctuary in Tamil Nadu. In 2013, it grew the fourth tiger reserve as a part of Project Tiger in the state of Tamil Nadu.
What is the total area of tiger reserve forest, Sathyamangalam?
The total area formerly declared as a sanctuary was 524.3494 km2 (202.452 sq mi). The boundaries of the sanctuary were the Thalavadi range of Thalamalai forests and Hasanur, contiguous with Billigiriranga Swamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary in the north and the rivers of Moyar and Bhavani, T.N.Palayam ranges of Gobichettipalayam taluk of Guthiyalathur forests, contiguous with Mudumalai National Park and Sigur Plateau in the south.
The eastern side is formed by the Bargur reserved forests in Anthiyur taluk and Bandipur National Park in the west. The sanctuary covers the areas of Guthiyalathur reserved forests (299.47 km2 (115.626 sq mi)), Thalamalai reserved forests (210.85 km2 (81.410 sq mi)), Guthiyalathur extension (1.6231 km2 (0.627 sq mi)), and Thalamalai extension (12.4063 km2 (4.790 sq mi)).
In September 2011, the Department of forests extended the sanctuary area by reporting an additional 887.26 km2 (342.57 sq mi) in seven reserve forests of Sathyamangalam forest division.
The largest pieces of additional area are 487.92 km2 (188.39 sq mi) from Guthiyalathur and 319.87 km2 (123.50 sq mi) from Thalamalai reserve forests, thus enhancing the total sanctuary area to 1,411.6 km2 (545.0 sq mi).
Of the total area, the core zone includes 917.27 km2 (354.16 sq mi) reserved forests and tourism is permitted in the buffer zone with only forest officials sanctioned entry into the core zone.
It comprises of 2 divisions, Sathyamangalam and Hasanur with District headquarters at Erode. This region holds a vital population of tiger, and it is also adjacent to other Tiger conservation landscapes like BRT, Mudumalai, Bandipur, and Nagarahole.
The area is also a part of Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats Elephant Reserve and is home to about 800 to 1000 Elephants as per Synchronised Elephant Census conducted during 2012.
Wildlife Sanctuary At Sathyamangalam
The diversity of habitat has got an assembly of several species of rare animals, plants, birds, fishes, invertebrates, amphibians, and reptiles.
How many tigers are there in Sathyamangalam?
Sathyamangalam is residence to at least 25 tigers, which has been endorsed by various studies carried by the forest department and the World Wildlife Fund. The population is healthful and growing.
Tiger reappearance in the STR region is hunted back to 2005. Evidence of Tiger reappearance was discovered and was scientifically confirmed by CCMB & WTI study in 2010.
The scat study conducted by the department also symbolised the presence of 18 to 25 tigers in the region.
The creation of a tiger reserve will drive to total habitat growth and improve the flora and fauna in the whole region. The wildlife directors will be able to assure greater protection to the big cats. The objective of the initiative is to protect, develop and promote wildlife and its environment.
What are the animals other than tiger sheltered at Sathyamangalam?
Apart from Tigers, the area is noted for Elephants, Gaur, Black Buck, Four Horned Antelope, Leopard, Hyena, Wild dog, White Backed Vulture, variety of primates, deers, civets, reptiles, birds, amphibians, fishes and other creatures.
Floral biodiversity at Sathyamangalam
Out of the 700 species of flora found in Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, more than 60 are thought endemic. Tropical evergreen, mixed deciduous, semi-evergreen, dry deciduous and thorn forests are the 5 different forest types encountered in this region.
Riparian forests grow along the Mayor River (a Perennial water source) an area of rich biodiversity. The sandal was acknowledged as ‘The Royal Tree’ by Tipu Sultan. This area was notable for its bamboos in the past.
Fauna biodiversity at Sathyamangalam
The rich diversity of fauna is apparent from the following number of species for various categories: larger mammals-40 species, reptiles-30 species, avifauna-225 species, amphibians-15 species, butterflies-85 species and fishes-10 species. Being home to more than 850 Indian elephants with 6 Elephant corridors makes it part of the 7th elephant reserve (Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats Elephant Reserve) and the greatest elephant habitat in India.
Some of the other important species include hyena, slender loris, wild boar, sloth bear, civet, jackal, otter, mongoose, blackbuck, barking deer, spotted deer, sambar, four-horned antelope, mouse deer, Indian pangolin, porcupine, jungle cat, langur, bonnet macaque, leopard and gaur. Some of the rare birds include- white-backed vulture, threatened gyps, woodpecker, brown fish owl etc.
What are the climatic conditions at Sathyamangalam?
The plateau region supports a mild and equitable climate to vegetation whereas hot and dry climate continues in the plains. Overall, the sanctuary enjoys a moderate climate. During the south-west monsoon (June to September), it is governed to strong winds. Lying in the rain shadow zone, the average annual rainfall is 824mm but some changes are common from one place to another.
Tiger conservation at Sathyamangalam
Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve comes in the revenue districts of Erode. Effective protection measures are engaged to protect the Tiger and its co predators and other wild animals. The major obstacle faced in the Tiger Reserve is the operation of interterritorial Sandalwood smugglers, Ganja cultivators, Poachers, etc.,
These Intricacies are being efficiently tackled through the functioning of 25 Anti-Poaching Camps located in the interior and vulnerable areas. Floating camps have been established to monitor the movement of Anti-social elements, poachers, smugglers, etc.
Emergency helpline number at Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve
To tackle problems like Human-Wildlife Conflicts, Forest Fires, etc., Two landline numbers one at Sathyamangalam (04295-220312) and another at Hasanur (04295-244226) have been connected to receive information from the public regarding man-animal conflicts, fire and about the progress of smugglers. The wireless communication network has been stabilized by installing new kits and posting personnel at each wireless stations.
Replenishing drying water trough using water tankers
Poor rainfall is being received as now in North-East Monsoon. Therefore most of the water channels are dried. In a bid to provide water to quench the thirst of Wildlife, drying water troughs are replenished by water tankers inside the forest zone.
What are the special features in Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve?
ECO-TOURISM at Sathyamangalam
To coordinate the movement of the devotees who are undertaking the pilgrimage Bannari Amman temple and to Gejalatti Masjid and Karuvannarayan Koil which are situated in the Bhavanisagar Range, a core zone of Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve Forest, the Executive committee of Nandhipuram Tribal Village forest council chose to purchase second-hand bus as a part of the introduction of Eco-tourism, especially for pilgrimage.
As per the decision is taken, a second-hand bus has been purchased for a total of Rs.3.5 lakhs from the Tribal village forest development fund. This is chiefly used for making transportation amenities to the devotees which ensure the avoidance of human-wildlife conflict & better park management.
Further, to promote eco-tourism at STR, which comprises a forest area of 1,411.60 sq. km., the Forest department in the signature of ‘Vanaporni Nature Education Programme’ opened safaris on seven routes on weekends from November first week. Visitors will be taken in vehicles inside the forest areas where they can detect the animals.
Wildlife Week Celebration at Sathyamangalam
During the first week of October 2016, Wildlife week was celebrated in Sathyamangalam Division. Students from the Government Middle school, Erumaikuttai Anna Nagar village located at T.N.Palayam Range engaged in the awareness rally.
The students were told about environment pollution, the value of greater awareness of wildlife conservation and also organized painting, essay writing, quiz competitions for students.
What is the safari time at Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve Forest?
Safaris at Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve Forest is done on a trial basis on weekends n 2 trips per day. The timing is 7.30am to 10.00am & 3.30pm to 6.00pm.
What is the operating safari routes in Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve Forest?
- Karachikorai to Tengumarhada, Bhavani Sagar Range.
Reporting point: Karachkorai checkpost- 7 am & 3 pm.
- Dimbam to Tippusultan watchtower, Talamalai range.
Reporting point: Dimbam chk post – 7 am & 3 pm.
- Kuyyanur pirivu to karikal-mokkai, sathy range.
Reporting Point: Sathy range office- 7 am & 3 pm.
- Hasanur to huligerepatti, hasanur range.
Reporting Point: Hasanur Range- 7 am & 3 pm.
- Shooting lodge road, germalam range.
Reporting Point: Germalam Range office- 7 am & 3 pm.
- Yettugatti Betta, Talawady range.
Reporting Point: Chikkally Range office- 7 am & 3 pm.
- Kadambur-Gundry. T.N.Palyam range.
Reporting point: Bungalapudur- 7am & 3pm.
How much does it cost for a safari at Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve Forest?
- The cost of the safari rates to all above 5 years.
- For 5 seater Jeep costs Rs. 650 per head, 2 vehicles only for a trip.
- For Tempo Traveller Rs. 400 per head, 15 members per trip only.
- For Dept T.T Veh (Talawady & Talamalai range), 15 members per trip only and it cost Rs.250 per head.
- For still cameras, it costs Rs.50 & handy cam Rs.100.
Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve Safari Booking website
What is the distance from nearby and major cities to Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve?
- Coimbatore – 112 kilometres
- Ooty – 117 kilometres
- Bangalore – 225 kilometres
- Madurai – 295 kilometres
- Kochi – 309 kilometres
- Mangalore – 359 kilometres
- Vellore – 360 kilometres
- Chennai – 513 kilometres
- Hyderabad – 799 kilometres
- Mumbai – 1140 kilometres
- Kolkata – 2070 kilometres
- Delhi – 2362 kilometres
Nearest Airport – The nearest airport lies at Coimbatore (80 km), Mysore (123 km) and Bangalore (225 km).
Nearest Railway station – The nearest railway stations are Coimbatore (75 km), Erode (67 km) and Chamrajnagar (40 km).
How to reach Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve?
A part of the sanctuary could be quickly approached by Sathyamangalam-Dhimbhum Ghat road which has beautiful 27 hairpin bends. An organised network of national and state expressways has achieved wonders for the ease of accessibility to Sathyamangalam. One can also start from Sathyamangalam through the forest while relishing the view to reaching this place. Apart from the tiger reserve forest, there is Bannari Amman temple and Bannari Amman Institute of technology at Sathyamangalam which adds pride and proud to the place.
Click here, To know more about the special features of Sathyamangalam.